Upon receipt of a purchase order from a foreign buyer, immediately send a proforma invoice to him for confirmation. An order is confirmed when the proforma invoice is signed and returned to you by the buyer.
Payment for exports is normally made through the banks. The foreign buyer's interest in the Philippines is represented by a local authorized agent bank, which is designated by the foreign buyer's bank. The local Authorized Agent Bank (ABB) will assist you in negotiating the collection of the payment for your exports.
The ABB will explain you all the instructions concerning your shipment to ensure its acceptability for payment. Make sure the you understand all the instructions written in a foreign language; ask the bank to give you an official translation in English or ask the bank to officially recognize a translation of the instructions in a foreign language, ask for the bank to officially recognize a translation of the instructions, if the translation was made by someone other than the bank.
Exporters may be paid through banks by means of letters of credit (L/C), documents against payment (D/P), document against acceptance (D/A), open account (O/A), cash against documents (CAD), prepayment/export advance, intercompany open account, offset arrangement, consignment of telegraphic transfer. The following currencies are acceptable as payment for exports: The Australian, Brunei, Canadian, Hong Kong, Malaysian, Singapore, and U.S. DOLLARS; Belgian, French and Swiss FRANCS; Bahraini and Kuwaiti DINARS; British POUND STERLING; Netherlands GUILDERS; German DEUTCHE MARKS; Japanese YEN; Australian SCHILLINGS; Italian LIRA; Saudi RIAL; Indonesian RUPIAH; and Thailand BAHT.
You may or may not need outside financing to produce export products ordered by the buyer. Should you, however, find the need for outside financing, you can either tap the assistance of government or non-government financial institutions.
When you are ready to ship, fill up an Export Declaration (ED) form. Sample ED forms are available at BETP, DTI Provincial offices, BOC Processing Units, OSEDCs and PHILEXPORT offices.
Secure an export commodity clearance from the proper government commodity office, if required by the buyer.
Also, check with your importer, the bank or the commercial offices/embassy of the importing country in the Philippines, which will give you all the necessary information for your product to enter the importing country.
With the required supporting documents, submit the accomplished ED form to the BOC Processing Unit for the approval of the Authority to Load (AL).
SENDING SAMPLE SHIPMENTS
Follow steps 1, 2, and 3, of Export Documentation.
LOADING IN MANILA Cargoes to be transported by air are inspected by the BOC at the NAIA. Conventional cargoes, whether containerized, to be transported by ship are inspected by the Customs Container Control Division and the Piers and Inspection division, respectively, after payment of the wharfage fee and arrastre charges. Wharfage fee arrastre services may be paid at South Harbor or MICP. However, for BOI and PEZA registered companies, stamping or exemption from payment of wharfage fee may be done at the PPA Unit of OSEDC at Roxas Boulevard. Loading can either be at the North or South Harbor.
LOADING AT PROVINCIAL PORTS Documentation (steps 1-3) may be done in Manila. After approval of the Authority to Load, BOC sends telegram or radio message to BOC at the Port of Loading. You can also process documents and secure Authority to Load from the local OSEDC (now in Davao, Baguio, Iloilo, Cebu, Cagayan de Oro, and Subic Bay Special Economic Freeport Zone.
After loading, the BOC issues the following documents upon request:
Certificate of Origin, Form A. (for export products covered by the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP). You can inquire about the GSP from DTI Bureau of International Trade Relations or Bureau of customs.
General Certificate of Origin (for export products not availing of preferences under GSP).
Certificate of Origin, Form D, (for export products covered by the ASEAN Common Effective Preferential Tariff Scheme).
Certificate of Origin Furnish the AAB, for record purposes, a copy of the duly accomplished ED form together with other shipping documents, if export negotiation or payment is coursed through them.
For shipments that are prepaid, send the original commercial and shipping documents to the buyer.
EXEMPTION SCHEMES AVAILABLE TO EXPORTERS As an exporter, you are entitled to tax and duty exemption privileges for your imported raw materials and supplies used in the manufacture of export products. Currently, the Philippine government administers the following tax and duty drawback/exemption schemes:
Bonded Manufacturing Warehouse (BMW) Scheme: The BMW Scheme may be availed of by your firm if you have sufficient resources to put up one. You may opt to establish your own BMW for the storage and manufacture of imported inputs without going through the normal Customs import procedures and payment of taxes and duties. Under this facility, you are required to post a bond to cover the amount of duties, taxes and other charges due on the importation and to ensure the exportation of the finished products within the designated period. File your letter-request for application to establish a BMW to the Commissioner of Customs (for garments - Executive Director of GTEB) through the District Collector of the port where the majority of the importation to be warehoused will be entered. The reason for the application shall be included, and whether or not sub-contracting will be allowed in the BMW. You will be required to pay the following costs associated with the operations of a BMW facility, as follows:
Performance bond: P250,000 General warehousing bond: P500,000 (min.) Annual warehouse supervision fees: For Small enterprises P 50,000 For Medium enterprises: P100,000 For Large enterprises: P250,000
Customs Common Bonded Warehouse (CCBW) Scheme A CCBW is similar to a BMW in terms of facilities and operations. The CCBW scheme allows small and medium scale exporters who cannot afford to operate individual BMWs to import their intermediate inputs tax and duty-free. You may have the option to import your goods through the CCBW facility to which you are accredited. The companies operating the CCBW serve as import agents and carry out all the necessary import procedures for a service fee, ranging from 1 to 3.5% of the invoice value of the importation. The service fee covers expenses incurred through the use of the CCBW facility.
Trade Manila, Inc.
Asian Bonded Customs Warehouse Corp.
Luzon Rattan Industries, Inc. For use of the Gifts, Toys and Houseware Sector)
Philippine Bonded Warehouse Services, Inc.
Philippine Exporters Confederation Inc.
Philippine Food Processors and Exporters Bonded Warehouse (For Use of the Food Sector)
Philippine International Trading Corporation
Fashion Link Corporation
Filipino Hand Common Banded Corporation
Garnir Philippines Manufacturing, Inc.
Hoffen Industries Corporation
La Fortuna Textile Mills
Mercedes International Export Corp.
Mindanao Textile Corporation
Philippine Exporters Confederation
Philippine Integrated Manufacturers Exporters, Inc.
Philippine International Trading Corporation
Red Flowers Garments Co., Inc.
Royal Exporters Corporation
Vivian Garment Export Corp.
Duty Drawback/Tax Credit Scheme You may also avail of refunds or rebates for the taxes and duties paid on the imported raw materials used in the manufacture of export products. The One-Stop shop Inter-agency Tax Credit and Duty Drawback Center, also referred to as Center, was created under Administrative Order No. 266 on 7 February 1992 to process tax credit and duty drawback. File your applications for the credits/duty drawbacks directly with the Center which is located at the Department of Finance (DOF), Manila.Eligible Applicants
Indirect Exporters whose direct exporters have opted to waive their rights to claim tax credits on taxes on raw materials paid by the indirect exporters; and
Importers of raw materials used on government projects financed through foreign funding.
Applications for tax credit on Net Local Content (NLC) and Net Valued Earned (NVE), domestic capital equipment; and domestic breeding stocks and genetic materials shall, for a period of six (6) months from the effectivity of Administrative order No. 266, shall continue to be filed and evaluated by the Board of Investments (BOI), provided that, after such period, all applications, including those of NLC and NVE, shall already be filed with and processed by the Center.
Tax Credit and/or Duty Drawback Certificates will be issued by the Center within 30 working days from acceptance of complete application.
Procedure for Filing of Applications for Duty Drawback and Tax Credits
Secure Application Form and Checklist of Requirements from the Center.
Fill up the Application Form to be certified by the President of the company.
Submit the properly accomplished Application Form together with all the requirements listed in the Checklist of Requirements.
Secure a temporary stub from the Center when submitting documents which are temporarily received for proofing for clearance and completeness. Submit any other documents which may be required. The Center will furnish you a list of these incomplete or illegible documents for you to complete or replace.
As soon as the documents are in order, you will be given a payment order slip stating the amount of the filing fee.
Proceed to the Cashier and pay the filing fee.
Upon payment, you will be given a claim stub which you will present to claim your tax credit/duty drawback certificate within 30 working days. A bulletin board situated at the Center shows a list of certificates ready for pick-up.
Once your company's name is listed, you can get your Tax Credit/duty Drawback Certification upon presentation of the claim stub.
Filing Fees After verification by the Center that all the application requirements have been complied with, a filing fee shall be collected from the claimant in an amount equal to one percent (1%) of the total claim, provided however that it should not be lower than one thousand pesos nor shall exceed ten thousand pesos (P10,000).
Penalties Violation of any provision of the pertinent laws, orders, rules and regulations which grant the tax incentives shall be a ground for the cancellation or suspension of the grant of the tax credit/duty drawback enjoyed by the applicant or claimant depending upon the gravity of the offense committed. This shall not preclude the Center from filing the necessary charges in Court against the applicant for any violation pursuant to the NIRC, TCCP, E.O. 226 and other pertinent laws, rules and regulations. The hearings and investigations involving violations of the provisions of the pertinent laws, rules and regulations shall be conducted in accordance by the rules of procedures as promulgated by the Center.
IMPORTATION OF EXPORT SAMPLES Samples of products to be manufactured/processed for export may be imported duty-free pursuant to Section 105 (q) of the Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines as implemented by Customs Memorandum Order No. 50-91 dated 03 June 1991.
Samples Eligible for Duty Exemption a. Samples with no appreciable commercial value. b. Commercial samples.
Application for Duty and Tax Exemption File your application for the tax and duty-free importation of samples for the manufacture of export products with the Finance Revenue Division of the Department of Finance before shipment of such importation.
General Conditions for Tax and Duty Exemption a.) The importer must be a Customs Bonded Manufacturing Warehouse Operator of the product for which the sample/model is to be made. b.) There is a definite need for a sample/model to obtain an order or to clinch a sale. c.) There is an indication of an actual interest by a foreign buyer for the product for which a sample/model will be produced. d.) There is no indication that the importer has abused the privilege of a duty and tax-free importation of samples.
a.) The allowable quantity for samples/models shall be one for each particular kind and the value of each shipment shall not exceed US$ 200.00 or its equivalent in Philippine Pesos otherwise the matter should be referred for clearance to the District Collector concerned if the value is P 10,000.00 or less.
b.) Shipments exceeding P10,000.00 may, pending clearance from the Office of the Commissioner, be released by the District Collector of Customs upon posting a cash bond in the amount equal to 100% of the duties and taxes on the shipment by the importer should the consignee have an immediate need for the shipment.
c.) You may opt to transfer the material to the Customs Bonded Manufacturing Warehouse by transshipment permit if it is outside the jurisdiction of the Port of Discharge. A warehousing entry shall be filed thereon together with the bond within five (5) days from date of transfer.
In addition to usual documentary requirements for filing an entry, the following documents are required:
a.) A sworn statement from a responsible official of the company with a rank of at least Vice-President, addressed to the District Collector of Customs with the following information:
a.1 The firm's name and office address and the place(s) where the sample/model will be copied.
a.2 There is a need for the sample/model to be copied/duplicated.
a.3 The sample/model will not be for sale, barter or hire;
a.4 The value of the shipment;
a.5 a cash bond equal to 1005 of the duties and taxes of the value of the shipment in excess of P10,000.00. You may submit within 60 days after return of sample, to the District Collector of Customs a report on the disposition of sample/model indicating the recipient of the sample, their addresses and the quantity given. Do not forget to attach the receipt of the sample model.
3. 수출 요건 및 서류 Export Requirements
What Are The Steps And Documents Required In Exporting?
Negotiating for an export contract. Negotiation may take different forms and cover various points but the exporter must be conversant in the key details (product, price, quantity, packing, shipment, availability, terms of payment). Negotiation and contracting with foreign buyers often start with the business offer, after which samples are shipped. If found acceptable, the exporter will receive the purchase order.
Upon receipt of a purchase order, the exporter sends a pro-forma invoice to the foreign buyer for confirmation. An order is confirmed when the pro-form invoice is signed and returned by the buyer.
When goods are ready for shipment, the exporter accomplishes the Export Declaration (ED) Form.
The exporter then secures export commodity clearance or export permit from the government commodity office if the product is included in the list of regulated products for export, or if the buyer requires it.
The ED form together with supporting documents are submitted to the Bureau of Customs (BOC) Processing Unit for approval of the Authority to Load (AL).
Wharfage fees and arrastre charges are paid for cargoes transported by ship.
Upon loading, the customs inspector signs the Report of Loading (for sea freight)/Report of Lading (for airfreight). The exporter also secures the Bill of Lading (B/L) from the shipping line or the Air Waybill (AWB) from the airlines.
After loading, the BOC issues the following documents upon request:
?Certificate of Origin, Form A - for export products covered by the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP).
?General Certificate of Origin - for export products not availing of preferences under GSP.
?Certificate of Origin, Form D - for export products covered by the ASEAN Common Effective Preferential Tariff Scheme (ASEAN - CEPT).
?Certificate of Shipment.
The exporter furnishes the Authorized Agent Bank (AAB) for record purposes a copy of the approved ED form together with other shipping documents, if export negotiation or payment is coursed through them.
For shipments that are prepaid, the original commercial and shipping documents are sent to the buyer.
4. 수입절차 Import Procedures
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE IN IMPORTING GOODS
All shipments valued over US$ 500 must be inspected by SGS of origin prior to uplift. For seafreight, any shipment valued at US$ 500 + below but exceeding 1 fr. ton, SGS must also inspect at origin. For airfreight, any shipment valued at US$ 500 + below but exceeding 100 KOS (Actual Or Chargeable) must also be pre-shipment inspected by SGS. It will facilitate clearance if SGS confirmation about inspection can be attached to your documents as it often takes weeks to secure the original SGS (CRF) clean report finding from SGS Manilla.
Discrepancies/ Late Filing
MAWB + HAWB totals must tally both on weight and pieces. The same goes for seafreight ocean Bs/L and house Bs/L. Any mistake will delay clearance by minimum 4-5 days. For seafreight is imperative that we file inward foreign customs manifest 24 hours before arrival. Failure on our part will result in customs fines of Upto US$ 500 per omission.
When consigning a shipment to us the description of goods must read 'Consolidation as per attached manifest' : It is not allowed to consign goods to a forwarder unless it is consolidation. Also a one line consolidation must be treated like a consolidation and manifest, HAWB's must be attached to the MAWB pouch. Under no circumstances must the description of goods appear in MAWB other than 'Consolidation as per attached manifest'.
Your pre-alert must clearly show the freight and FOB Charges (itemized) to be collected. It will further assist our accounting to have within 24 hrs. After departure from your origin, a fax copy of charges to be collected less profit split.
Freight Collect As Arranged
All routed shipments should be claused as 'Freight Collect As Arranged' without showing the freight break down in question in the documents. This will facilitate and save importers duty on freight.
Direct IATA Airfreight Shipments
Some people believe it will be faster to airfreight direct without issuing a HAWB. This is not true for airfreight to the Philippines. The airlines cable importers about arrival, where as we pick up documents 3 X a day. The SGS CRF report usually is only available within 3-5 days after departure, so overnight transit is a waste of money.
Documentations Required By Customs:
Commercial invoice with values shown per item - 1 original and min. 2 copies
Packing list showing detailed contents per package - 1 original and 2 copies
CRF report from SGS Manilla (see point above)
Bank receipt for duty and 10% VAT
Letter of authorization from consignee to clear - original letter not fax.
Should not be used unless we have approved co-loader, and the procedure. When documents arrive customs screen and input from pouch each HAWB into their computer. A back to back co-load will end up with the co-loaders HAMB instead of your HAWB which will take 4-5 days to rectify. We encourage seafreight co-loading with break bulk agents approved by us before shipment.
If everything has been issued correctly seafreight will take 4-5 days and airfreight 2-3 days. We strip our consolidation containers inside the port within 3-4 days after arrival. Once a mistake has been made, even 'minor' clerical mistakes like discrepancies in weight bitween master B/L and house B/L, clearance time will be 10-14 days. If no lodgement of entry has been done within 30 days after arrival, shipment sill be treated as abandoned cargo which will be auctioned off be the Philippine Customs. Any cargo port marked 'Philippines' cannot be re-exported from here without payment of appropriate customs duties.
5. CMOs, EOs, RAs etc
EXPORT DEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1994 [Republic Act No. 7844] AN ACT TO DEVELOP EXPORTS AS A KEY TOWARDS THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE NATIONAL GOALS TOWARDS THE YEARS 2000
ARTICLE I: BASIC PRINCIPLES AND POLICIES
SECTION 1. Short title This Act shall otherwise be known as the "Export Development Act of 1994."
SECTION 2. Declaration of policy It shall be the policy of the State to evolve export development into a national effort. The government shall champion exports as a focal strategy for a sustainable agro-industrial development to achieve Philippine NIChood towards the year 2000. The private sector shall take the lead in the collective effort to promote exports through discipline and hard work, as it confronts the challenge of winning international markets.
The government and the private sector shall jointly transform the Philippines into an exporting nation. Towards this end, the State shall instill in the Filipino people that exporting is not just a sectoral concern, but the key to national survival and the means through which the economic goals of increased employment and enhanced incomes can most expeditiously be achieved.
SECTION 3. Key operating principles A macro-economic policy framework that supports export development shall be provided, especially in key areas of concern to exporters:
A.) Monetary and foreign exchange policies shall establish and maintain a competitive exchange rate, supported by measures to provide safety nets for various sectors that may be adversely affected by the implementation of such policies. Such policies shall be consistent with the responsibility and primary objectives of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas pursuant to SECTION 3 of Republic Act No. 7653.
B.) Fiscal and credit policies shall provide adequate funds for public and private investments and business expansion, while keeping the cost of credit comparable to international levels ensuring access to loanable funds for SMEs as well as highly technical export enterprises, especially those in the countryside.
C.) Agricultural policies shall build up viability and competitiveness of the country's agriculture sectors and facilitate their linkage with industry to strengthen the industrial-industrial base of the country's export thrust.
D.) Trade, tariff and customs policies shall engender competitiveness of domestic industries and facilitate their participation in international trade.
E.) Technical support policies to improve the quality of export products shall be adopted, particularly those relating to technology transfer, R & D, technical training and related activities. As such, the Department of Science and Technology [DOST] and the Department of Agriculture [DA] shall be supported by colleges and universities in the diffusion of technology, information and training to the countryside for industrial-industrial and export development.
F.) Urgent attention must be given to policies affecting infrastructure in order to ensure the adequate supply and quality of power, water [e.g., for irrigation], transportation [e.g., shipping and cargo handling], and communication to support the flow of goods and services in the context of the national export drive.
G.) The link between export growth and countryside development must be strengthened through policies favorable to SMEs, regional industrial centers, and export-processing zones to boost rural and farm-based entrepreneurship in identified geographic economic growth areas of the country.
H.) Labor and industrial relations policies must recognize the inevitable industrial shifts that will occur in the effort to achieve international competitiveness. Focus shall be given to the formulation of accords between labor and management, which shall provide for sustained increase in productivity and competitiveness. In line with this, dual training schemes shall be integrated as a basic component to the country's primary and secondary education program to ensure that the manpower needs of agriculture and industry will be matched by the skills generated by the educational system. Reasonable price and income policies shall likewise be adopted in order to safeguard the interest of the labor sector.
I.) All government agencies whose actions affect exporters, such as the Board of Investments [BOI], Bureau of Customs [BOC] and Bureau of Internal Revenue [BIR] shall simplify procedures to minimize bureaucratic red tape.
J.) Provisions of existing laws deemed detrimental to the export sector shall be repealed in subsequent acts.
SECTION 4. Definition of terms
For purposes of this Act, the following definitions shall apply to the following terms:
a) "Exporter" means any person, natural or juridical, licensed to do business in the Philippines, engaged directly or indirectly in the production, manufacture or trade of products or services which earns at least fifty percent [50%] of its normal operating revenues from the sale of its products or services abroad for foreign currency: Provided, That in the case of services, the same shall be limited to information technology services, construction services and other services as defined jointly by the Department of Finance [DOF] and the Department of Trade and Industry [DTI]. Services rendered by overseas contract workers are not covered by the definition.
b) "Export promotion" shall refer to a range of export activities which the public and private sectors undertake, such as networking, especially in export support services and the provision of trade/market information; organization of trade fairs and missions; provision of advisory services; conduct of seminars, lectures, workshops, conferences and training on export-related subjects; publication of export-related documents; handling of quality standard, product design and such other activities aimed at promoting existing exports, especially those meant to reinforce and improve the position of Philippine export products in specific foreign markets, principally being those activities necessary for the implementation of the Philippine Export Development Plan.
c) "Export incentives" shall refer to support measures provided by the government to exporters to encourage investment in the export sector, create a freer trade environment and motivate exporters to increase export sales and perform competitively in the export market. The overall objective is to increase the country's export sales.
d) "Accredited organization" shall refer to the organization of exporters granted accreditation by the Export Development Council, as provided in SECTION 7 of this Act.
ARTICLE II INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURES AND STRATEGIES
SECTION 5. Philippine Export Development Plan [PEDP] The President of the Republic of the Philippines shall approve a rolling three-year Philippine Export Development Plan prepared by the Department of Trade and Industry [DTI], which shall form part of the medium-term Philippine Development Plan [MTPDP]. It shall be formulated in consultation with the private sector, validated and updated semestrally.
The PEDP shall define the country's annual and medium-term export thrusts, strategies, programs and projects and shall be jointly implemented by the government, export and other concerned sectors.
SECTION 6. Export Development Council The existing Export Development Council, hereinafter referred to as the Council, which was created by Executive Order No. 98  as modified by Executive Order No. 110 , and Executive Order No. 180 , shall be strengthened and institutionalized for the purpose of overseeing the implementation of the PEDP and coordinating the formulation and implementation of policy reforms to support the said Plan.
SECTION 7. Powers and functions
The Council shall:
a) Approve the PEDP; coordinate, monitor and assess the implementation thereof, and when necessary, institute appropriate adjustments thereon in the light of changing conditions in both the domestic and international environment;
b) Periodically review and assess the country's export performance, problems and prospects;
c) Identify the main bottlenecks, problem areas and constraints in all areas/sectors/activities which influence the development of exports, including but not limited to, such matters as policy framework, physical infrastructure, finance, technology, production, promotions and marketing;
d) Mandate specific departments and agencies to attend to the bottlenecks and problems constraining the development of exports in any of the areas mentioned in paragraph [c] above, and require the concerned Secretaries to deliver progress report[s] on the actions/initiatives taken to resolve these areas of concern at the next meeting[s];
e) Ensure export quality control by overseeing the formulation and implementation of quality control guidelines by appropriate agencies to make Philippine exports at par with world-class products;
f) Impose sanctions on any government agency or officer or employee thereof, or private sector entity that impedes efficient exportation of Philippine goods;
g) Recommend to Congress any proposed legislation that would contribute to the development of exports;
h) Submit quarterly reports to Congress;
i) Formulate policies or recommend measures and draw up a study within ninety  days from the approval of this Act, relative to the rationalization of the government's export promotion and development functions/activities and programs for the eventual transfer of government export promotions and development activities to the sector within a period of two  years after the approval of this Act;
j) Formulate the policies for the granting of incentives to exporters;
k) Adopt such policies, rules, procedures and administrative systems for the efficient and effective exercise of its powers and functions, including the creation or adoption of an executive committee or secretariat; and
l) Grant and review the accreditation of the organization of exporters, according to the guidelines which it shall later promulgate for the said purpose: Provided, That the organization accredited shall be the dominant one among the other existing export organizations as determined under the guidelines promulgated by the Council hereof.
m) Issue standards and policies to be observed by Local Government Units [LGUs] in order to:
Ensure that LGUs' plans and budgets are supportive of industrial-industrial growth and export competitiveness thrusts of the national government; and
Ensure optimal allocation of expenditures.
The DILG and the regional development councils shall be the channels through which these standards and policies shall be coursed.
SECTION 8. Composition of the Council
The Council shall be composed of the following:
a) Secretary of the Department of Trade and Industry as chairman;
b) Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority;
c) Secretary of the Department of Finance;
d) Governor of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas;
e) Secretary of the Department of Science and Technology;
f) Secretary of the Department of Agriculture;
g) Secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs;
h) Secretary of the Department of Labor and Employment;
i) Nine  representatives from the private sector, the majority of whom shall be recommendees of the accredited organization, and one of whom shall be appointed as vice-chairman.
Other heads of executive agencies, private organizations or individuals can be called upon by the Council to attend any Council meeting and assist the Council to resolve issues and problems that concern their respective offices.
Likewise, such heads of executive agencies, private organizations or individuals shall respond to the queries of the Council within two  weeks from the time such queries are received.
SECTION 9. Mode of selection and tenure of private sector representatives The President shall appoint the private sector representatives, who are not ex officio members, upon nomination of the accredited organization, ensuring balanced representations from the Visayas and Mindanao and various sectors, such as the labor sector, agricultural and traditional export sectors as against the non-agricultural and non-traditional export sectors and the like.
The private sector representatives of the Council shall serve for a period of two  years. When a vacancy occurs due to the resignation, death or incapacity of a member, a replacement who shall serve for the remainder of the member's term of office shall be appointed by the President.
SECTION 10. Meeting of the Council The Council shall meet once a month: Provided, that the President or the chairman may convene the Council anytime whenever he deems it necessary.
The President shall preside over meetings of the Council on a quarterly basis.
SECTION 11. Funding The activities and operational expenses of the Council shall be funded jointly by budgetary appropriations from the government and by private sector contributions as provided for in Executive Order No. 98.
SECTION 12. Accredited export organization The Council shall accredit a single umbrella organization of exporters pursuant to SECTION 7 of this Act to represent the export sector concerns and interests for three  years, after which the Council shall undertake a review of the accreditation prior to the granting or re-granting of the said accreditation.
The accredited organization shall:
a) Recommend private sector representatives to the Council with consideration of balanced sectoral representation, as provided in SECTION 9 hereof;
b) Represent the interests of the export sector;
c) Be responsible for coordinating, supporting and assisting the DTI relative to the formulation and implementation of the government's export promotion programs and policies: Provided, That in the event that some of the export promotion functions of the government are privatized in accordance with the Act, it shall be responsible for the performance of such privatized export promotion function; and
d) Manage the Philippine Trade Center, which shall include, among others, the authority to enter into contracts with promotion facilities or functions.
NEW CUSTOMS MEMORANDUM ORDERS (CMOs)/CIRCULAR
CMO 1-2003, issued on January 7, 2003, refers to procedures implementing Executive Order 142 in relation to Joint Department Order No. 2002-82 and Department Order No. 79-2002 as clarified by Department Order No. 1-2003 requiring owners of imported vehicles to secure BOC-BIR Clearance as a Pre-condition for their Initial Registration or Renewal of Registration with the Land Transportation Office.
CMO 2-2003, issued on January 8, 2003, refers to rules and regulations in the administrative proceedings on the closure of Bonded Warehouse as implemented in CAO 2-91 and CMO 39-91. This Order takes effect immediately.
Customs Memorandum Circular, issued on January 17, 2003, consolidates the Department of Agriculture's Accreditation of Meat Establishments from various countries
6. 수입제한 품목 Restricted Items
Animals, fish, and plants
Films, video tapes, and disks
Color reproduction machine
Motor vehicle parts
Firearms and ammunition
Realistic toy guns
Narcotics, opium, and opium smoking paraphernalia
Drugs intended for abortion
Adulterated and misbranded drugs
Counterfeit, altered, or imitated coins, paper money, banknotes, and securities
Gambling machines and articles
Gold/silver and precious metal bullion
Commercial quantities of foodstuffs, used clothing, and rags
The importation of privately owned vehicles (POV's) to the Philippines is very restrictive. The process is long, requires a great deal of paperwork, and a special import permit is required. This permit is available only in the Philippines, and can not be issued by an embassy or consulate office
CUSTOMER MUST BE PRESENT FOR CUSTOMS CLEARANCE
Only returning Filipino residents and foreign embassy diplomats are allowed to import motor vehicles "Duty Free"
All motor vehicles must have an Import Authority Permit issued by the Philippine Bureau of Import Service before the vehicle is shipped.
Owner must have lived abroad for at least one year and car must have been registered in his name at least six months if the car is more than three years old, vehicles more than three years old should be registered under shippers name at least one year prior to application of the Import Permit
Failure to comply with above will result in PENALTIES AND CONFISCATION of vehicle
Auto must arrive within 60 days of customer's arrival
Destination Agent must be contacted prior to shipping any vehicles
All vehicles subject to taxes and duties
Gasoline-fueled cars limited to 2,800 cc not over 1,500 kgs
Right-hand driven vehicles not permitted
Only one vehicle allowed per family
Autos five years old or older not permitted
Banned/unauthorized motor vehicles subject to seizure; owner subject to penalties
Original Registration and proof of ownership
Import Permit from Department of Trade or Bureau of Import
Original Bill of Sale
Certificate of arrival
Stencils of chassis/engine number
Deed of Sale or Commercial Invoice
Other documents, depending on customer's immigration status
Dogs, cats and birds are not restricted for importation. It is highly recommended that an "exotic pet" could be restricted
Race horses and game fowl are subject to duties and taxes
Import Permit (from Bureau of Animal Industry)
Identification card of the pet
Original Vaccination and Health Certificate from origin (Issued within 10 days of the importation.
Must show proof that vaccination was administered between 60 to 180 days prior to the flight)
No quarantine required
Individuals whose intended visas are not yet approved by the Commission on Immigration and Deportation could request a temporary tax and duty-free release of their cargo with the Department of Finance by providing a cash bond, as well as a Letter of Request for the change of visa status was already submitted to the Commission on Immigration and Deportation. The Cash Bond could be acquired through payment of a certain premium, which would be based on 150% of the appraised value as assessed by the Bureau of Customs. The same is only valid for a period of 90 days from the date of filing of the Customs Permit with the Bureau of Customs from which it could be extended only for another 90 days. If the said Cash Bond remains unconcealed after the prescribed period, penaltties shall be levied by the Bureau of Customs against the consignee up to the forfeiture of the Cash Bond.